How does the cold affect our body?

As a general rule and according to specialists, the older we get, the more we usually notice the cold, and women also accuse it with greater intensity.

The risk of heart attack increases 20%

During the winter and with the most extreme cold, the chances of suffering a myocardial infarction increase. This is because the body constricts the blood vessels to conserve heat more (vasoconstriction), thus increasing the risk of blockage and also increasing the chances that this blockage will lead to cardiac arrest.

However, this may affect more those people who suffer from some type of chronic degenerative disease, also those who have obesity, smokers, and people who are over 50 years of age.


Those who tend to have migraines and headaches have it more intense on winter days. Many may even notice this pain before it rains.


If we are on the street or it is very cold and snowed (and we are not really very warm), it also increases hypothermia risk. This produces an abnormally low body temperature that goes below 35 degrees.

One of the most common answers to the question about the effects of cold on health is hypothermia. The earliest symptoms of hypothermia are contraction of the hands and feet, chills, goosebumps, increased respiratory and heart rate, but other more serious symptoms may be related to difficulty moving, drowsiness, and mental confusion. This can lead to failure of vital organs and later death.

Cold and skin

Cold problems also have a direct impact on our skin. What is observed is that it becomes much drier, and this tends to dehydrate. Arise atopic dermatitis and irritations that aggravate the problem at this time of the year and in summer. So it is normal that there are chilblains, inflammations, red spots, itching, and discomfort in these months.

Mental diseases

When we go out less at this time of year, it is cold and less sunny, some diseases related to the mind come up much more. One of these is depression, as this problem can be aggravated by cold. The days are shorter, and many people lose motivation and interest in various things.

Going out less is also more likely to suffer from social isolation. All of this is known as seasonal depression, and although some people suffer from them temporarily and when the cold passes, they already feel better, for others, it can become chronic.

We must avoid falling into this situation to force ourselves to go out even if it is cold. We must bundle up well, go for a walk, go shopping and if we are at home, then do everything that motivates us so as not to fall into any of the possible mental illnesses that can develop.

More illnesses in winter

As a general rule, more diseases arise in winter because viruses circulate more during this time. Some studies have found that some pathogens benefit from low temperatures as they are able to survive longer in cold, dry air.

What is the relationship between cold and osteoarthritis?

There is also a direct relationship between cold, osteoarthritis, and pressure. It has been reported that those with osteoarthritis may notice more pain when the atmospheric pressure is lowered, and this also happens with arthritis and cold.

Flu, constipation

How does the cold affect our body? Well, in many other ways. In these months, the flu, colds, and colds increase, which usually affect different parts of the body, such as the nose, throat, and larynx. The manifestations are known to all: mucus, lacrimal, fever, cough, general fatigue.

It is also common for inflammation of the pharynx or pharyngitis to occur, in addition to angina.


This pain in the ears arises either in summer due to an accumulation of water in the ears and also in winter when the origin is usually mucus and constipation. That is, they are related to respiratory diseases. In this case, otitis usually affects children mostly.


Other diseases that are aggravated at this time of year are those related to the lungs. Covid-19 aside, which also increases these problems, pneumonia is much more intense with the cold. It arises from a virus, bacteria, or fungus.

By TVOC Editor

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