Epistaxis, better known as nasal bleeding or nosebleed, is an event that happens to many people, and depending on the reason, it may be more common than it seems. We know that it is a shocking situation, which can greatly frighten or surprise who happens or witnesses it. But, you should know that in most cases, it is easy to solve. And why is this happening? The nose has many blood vessels, when any of these vessels rupture, bleeding occurs.
A curiosity about this event is that nosebleeds are more common in children between 2 and 10 years old and among adults between 50 and 80 years old, and it has also been shown to be more common in men than in women. And although it seems that nasal bleeding frequently occurs among many people, the causes that lead to it are very diverse, the most important thing is to know that there are two types of bleeding:
Anterior nasal bleeding:
It is the more common of the two (more than 90% of the cases). The bleeding comes from the blood vessels in the front of the nostril. This type of bleeding is easier to control and does not usually require a doctor’s intervention.
Posterior nasal bleeding:
It usually starts in an artery at the back of the nostril and is more difficult to stop a nosebleed. It is more common in the elderly and often requires hospitalization. Knowing this, we will discover why the nose bleeds.
Causes of nosebleeds
Blowing your nose with excessive force and frequency
This occurs especially when we have colds or the flu, the fact of applying so much pressure irritates the nasal mucosa, which gets worse with frequency until a glass breaks and the bleeding begins immediately.
Another reason why the nose bleeds, is for example, when we have the flu or allergies. We produce more mucus, but due to very strong air conditioning or normal environmental conditions, this liquid dries up and many times when we want to clean the nose, especially if you have long nails and the inside of the nose.
Another reason for a nosebleed is a blow to the nose, which depending on the intensity, can damage the nasal blood vessels and mucous membrane.
Sinusitis or Rhinitis
These nasal diseases are known to create discomfort, such as constant dribbling, and although they are not directly associated with nosebleeds, it may be one reason why the nose bleeds.
The pressure is another reason that is associated with nosebleeds, not always go hand in hand but can be a symptom of this silent disease.
How to control nasal bleeding?
We understand that once the bleeding starts, we worry, it scares us and even makes us nervous, in many cases because the bleeding is very striking, in addition to not knowing why the nose is bleeding. But the first thing to keep in mind is that you have to stay calm. Getting agitated does not solve the problem. Now, calming down will not solve anything, so you better look at these very useful tips.
Do not stay standing as you may feel dizzy. If necessary, sit down and gently close both nostrils with your fingers. But yes, remember, and this is very important, avoid swallowing blood at all costs, as it can give you nausea and vomiting, and the situation can get worse. You can try ice or cold compresses, this is said to help paralyze nosebleeds. You should keep in mind that it is not a good idea to cover the nose with gauze or cloth.
Now that you know why your nose bleeds, take the following precautions to prevent nosebleeds:
- Avoid blowing your nose loudly and excessively.
- Maintain the humidity of the environment with an environmental humidifier.
- Avoid blows to the nose.
- Do not pick your nose and more with long nails or foreign objects.
- If you know about a disease that causes this situation, go to the doctor and take the necessary measures.